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The Senate, on Thursday, 9th February, 2012, considered the report of its Committee on Education on the investigation of the illegality of post-UTME and the failure of JAMB to conduct examinations acceptable to universities, and approved the following recommendations:
1. Illegality of Post UTME:
(a) The Committee could not sustain any charge of illegality against Post-UTME; and
(b) The Committee also believes that the inclusion of written tests in screening by Universities is legal and legitimate;
2. Representation at the JAMB Board: The mode of representation (selection or election of University representatives) on the Board of JAMB should be the sole responsibility of the Committee of Vice-Chancellors through NUC (since Committee of Vice-chancellors is non-statutory).
NBTE and NCCE should carry out similar exercise for Polytechnics and Colleges of Education. The exercise of this function by any other organ outside the tertiary institutions violates the essence of representation;
3. Cost: Examinations-for-Admission Fee:
(a) Examinations-for-admission fee to tertiary institutions should be a unified and one-stop (but composite) charge. We recommend a gross charge of N6,000.00 per candidate - N4,000.00 to JAMB and N2,000.00 to a University;
(b) IGR should be an integral component of an institution's yearly budget statement; Admission fees should be a cost item in the budget;
(c) A species of hidden charges namely, extra levies on most valued courses(e.g. N350,000.00 - N300,000.00 for MBBS Programme, and N200,000.00 - N150,000.00 for Engineering or Law Programme) allegedly flourishing in some Universities should be banned;
(d) State and Private Universities should be persuaded to accept he proposal for N6,000.00 admission ceiling;
(e) Disregard of the ceiling on a composite examination charge should attract reprimand, suspension or termination of appointment of an erring Head of Tertiary Institution;
4. The contest over the legality and relevant of Post-UTME should be situated in the central challenge of the " necessity of high-quality education in Nigeria. Tertiary Institution admission, a pointer to one of several weak links in the chain, underlines the over-riding importance of adequate funding of the Education Sector. We, therefore, suggest an increased budgetary allocation to the Education Sector;
5. The device of '~waiting Results" requires serious review. We, therefore, suggest a modification of the timetable of examinations to achieve express release of results to enable candidates apply to JAMB and other tertiary institutions within the same year.
The problem of awaiting result could be successfully tackled through:
• Adjustment of the examination schedules of relevant Secondary School Examinations and JAMB and • Fast-tracking of the examination processes with the help of modem technology. The following time table is hereby suggested:
(a) Secondary-School Examination - May-June
(b) Release of Secondary-School examination results (4-5 weeks) -on or before August 10.
(A gap of 4 weeks before matriculation examination, is designed to allow students enough time to get their results and apply to JAMB) POST-UME(JAMB) - on or before September 10 (The proposed date means that only candidates who obtain the basic requirement for admission. actually sit for the examinations.)
(d) Release of JAMB results (2 weeks) - on or before September 20
(e) Post-UTME (1 0 days) -on or before September 30
• All written examinations should be on-line, in bath Secondary and tertiary institutions. • An adjustment period of one year should be allowed to the institutions to change to the new time table and update their examination-processing equipment;
6. Failure of JAMB:
(i) JAMB has serious challenges in conducting fool-proof matriculation examinations but she ably performs her other equally crucial function of equitable placement of candidates from all parts of Nigeria and evenly in all the Universities in the Federation. We therefore do not see the institution as a failure;
(ii) However, to further accelerate the pace of sanitization which JAMB is already undertaking, the following measures are suggested:-
• Ban all 'Miracle Centers’: These should be immediate ban on 'Miracle Centers’ or what in market-place language are JAMB special centers’; • This day of sitting of JAMB should be transferred from Saturday or any weekend day to a week day -Monday or Tuesday, because it is found that Saturday offers a free rein to impersonators who are mainly recruited from the ranks of public and private-sector workers who should be busy in their offices on weekdays;
• Post-UTME examinations should be open to candidates who have made a tertiary institution their 1st or 2nd choice to facilitate the recommendation for JAMB inter-connectivity in section 8c of this report;
• NECO, NABTEB and WASC examinations should take place in college halls not in class rooms to enhance efficiency in invigilation; and • The crime of collusion and impersonation should attract much higher penalties than hitherto;
7. Placement and Admission:
(i) A candidate's application for tertiary education should be regarded as application to ALL tertiary institutions, irrespective of indication of preferences. This means that:
(a) A university should not limit her responsibility only to candidates who make her a first choice and disregard all others as afterthoughts;
(b) Candidates who are not absorbed after the first wave of admissions should be returned by tertiary institutions to JAMB which should immediately conduct the second round of placements;
(c) A candidate who fails to score a departmental cut-off mark but has made the defining score of the composite examination is entitled to a substitute placement in a course most closely related to his/her first choice or any other institution especially the institution of 2nd choice. JAMB should assist in this inter-connectivity exercise with a second round placements but the final decision on admission remains the responsibility of the university;
(d) Compliance with the admission formula in tertiary institutions should be strictly enforced - both in terms of guidelines on Admission quota and the guidelines on 60-40 courses ratio in favour of science and technology; and
(e) Universities and other tertiary institutions should make efforts to rescue themselves from degenerating from universal and genuinely national/federal seats of learning to local in-breeding enclaves.
(ii) Admission in a tertiary institution should not exceed the carrying capacity of the institution or officially allocated admission quota in order not to overstretch her facilities and resources.
(iii) The monitoring mechanism on full-proof implementation of admission guidelines should be intensified as follows:
• An independent monitoring body, comprising FME, NUC, NBTE/NCCE and JAMB, should undertake yearly check of number of candidates admitted and compliance with admission procedures and course guidelines; and • Report of the monitoring exercise should be sent to the National Assembly to facilitate her oversight functions;
8. Streamlining of the Statutes: Three statutes - JAMB Act, the Universities (Miscellaneous Provision) (Amendment) Act 2003 and the statutes of the universities should be streamlined, especially in areas of lack of clarity in allocation of responsibilities and powers such as control of matriculation requirements;
9. Commendation: Continual improvements already being recorded by JAMB and Universities/Polytechnics/Colleges of Education in evolving a system of full-proof administration of admission examinations should be commended and encouraged; and
10. Increased Penalties for Infractions:
Penalties stipulated in existing laws for malpractices and irregularities in conduct of admission examinations and screening especially by staff should be substantially increased.


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